Amazon parrots are highly intelligent birds, very outgoing and renowned talkers. They adapt well to captivity, adjusting easily to their cage or aviary. Amazons require a great deal of mental stimulation. Without the proper attention, social interaction and toys, an Amazon parrot is prone to behavioral problems. People who are willing to devote a considerable amount of time to their parrots will have a delightful companion pet for many decades.

              Biological Facts

              • Over 30 Amazona species described
              • Those commonly seen in practice include
                • Blue-fronted Amazon (Amazona aestiva)
                • Orange-winged Amazon (Amazona amazonica)
                • Double Yellow-headed Amazon (Amazona oratrix)
                • Yellow-naped Amazon (Amazona auropalliata)
                • Red-lored Amazon (Amazona autumnalis)
                • White-fronted Amazon (Amazona albifrons)
              • Young Amazon parrots have a gray-brown iris. This changes within 2-3 years to a red, red-orange, or chestnut-brown. After that age it is very difficult to determine an Amazon’s age.
              • Weight: 350-600 gm
              • Sexual maturity: 4-6 years
              • Males and females look alike in most cases. A simple blood test can determine the gender of your bird
              • Avg. life span: 40-50 years
              • Maximum recorded life span: 80+ years
              • Origins: Central and South America, Islands of the Caribbean

              Behavior

              • Highly intelligent and curious; Amazons love to explore their surroundings
              • Considered by many to be the most trainable of all parrots
              • Have the capacity to learn a large vocabulary
              • Tamed birds readily adapt to new surroundings and activities; expose early to daily activities in your household as well as to other pets
              • Need environmental enrichment, interesting toys, and foraging exercises to reduce the chance of behavioral problems.
              • Can be very noisy and destructive

              Diet

              • Amazons in the wild feed on a variety of seeds, fruits, vegetables, and nuts.
              • Seed-based diets are not recommended as they permit pet birds to select an imbalanced diet from what is offered.
              • Formulated diets (“pellets” or “crumbles”) provide more complete and balanced nutrition, do not allow selective feeding, and should comprise about 75% of the diet
              • Dark leafy greens, vegetables, and fruits can make up 20-25% of diet
              • Treats should be limited to only 5% of the diet
              • Clean, fresh water should be provided daily

              Environment

              • Enclosures should be as large as possible, such that the bird is able to fully extend it’s wings and flap without touching the cage walls
              • Cage should be clean, secure, safe and constructed of durable, non-toxic materials
              • Perches should be of variable widths, heights, and textures. Also provide a concrete perch to help to maintain the toenails.
              • Avoid placing perches directly over food or water to prevent contamination
              • Access to natural light is preferred
              • Avoid drafty areas.
              • Parrots should stay in their cage or a “bird safe” room when they are not under direct supervision.
              • Birds with unrestricted access to the home are at risk for accidents such as toxin ingestion, electrocution, pet attacks, and drowning.

              Preventive Care

              • Physical examinations every 6-12 months
                • Consult a veterinarian with experience in avian medicine if you have any questions or concerns about your bird’s health.
              • Annual fecal examination for parasites, yeast, and bacteria
              • Vaccination for Polyomavirus, as directed by your veterinarian
              • Routine blood testing
              • Wing, nail trimming as needed

              Common Medical Disorders

              • Obesity
              • Atherosclerosis
              • Respiratory infections
              • Discolored feathers (hepatopathy or malnutrition)
              • Foot necrosis
              • Chlamydiosis (rhinitis, sinusitis, enteritis)
              • Fatty liver disease
              • Papillomatosis
              • Chronic sinus infection
              • Egg-binding

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